Documentation

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Contents

x164 Introduction

x164 consists of a central database which holds private and public rate tables, statistics and route configurations. Many x164 switches connect to the central x164 database to retrieve routing information and to update the statistics in realtime. Softswitches are preferably, but not limited to, yate-based switches. Call detail records are collected in radius database and are visible in CDR module. Call details, statistics and the configuration screens are accessible in x164 platform by the web access.

Routing.png

x164 database

The x164 database stores CDRs, rating tables, route statistics and client information. From the web access you can easily manage the database and perform several tasks such as uploading rate tables, setting up credit limits for customers, and blocking bad routes.

Carriers and Customers are defined separately in their own tables, and they are linked to a profile in Profiles, which in turn is attached to a set of rates in the Rates table. A profile can be of type 'IN' (links customers to incoming rates), 'CARRIER' (links carriers to outgoing rates ), or 'DIDRANGE' (routes that terminate in your own network). DID numbers are defined in DIDcients. The table relationship is as follows:


TableRelationship.png

It is possible to allow the user to choose dynamically between different rate sets by using prefix dialing. This is accomplished by creating many instances of the same incoming profile and setting a different rate name and prefix for each one of them. Rates associated with this profiles will only be available when dialing the prefix. A more detailed explanation can be found here.

Currencies sets the exchange rate to euros for each currency. When looking up routes, the field 'curr_code' in Profiles links to the matching exchange rate, and the price for routes is normalized according to it.

Finally, monthly credit limits for subscribers can be set in the Quota table. This table keeps record of the monthly bill sum for each subscriber. If a quota is set and the limit is reached, the subscriber is blocked. This means the field 'blocked' of its entry in the Customers or Carriers table is set to 1. Unblocking must be done manually.

x164 Call flow

When receiving a call, the softswitch queries the database for user authentication using the Authuser procedure. The flag 'Dynamic_IP' in Customers indicates if the customer uses fixed or dynamic IP. In the first case, authentication is made by IP. In the second, the fields 'Subscriber' and 'Password' are used.

If the authentication is positive, the softswith calls the Preroute procedure to check that the user is allowed to call the dialed number. The user's profile is linked to a set of rates that define the allowed destinations. If there is a match between the called number and one of this rates, the softswitch looks up the database for outgoing rates.

Outgoing rates are retrieved with the Route procedure. The algorithm retrieves the rates with the longest code match for each carrier, and calculates their profitability. Only rates that generate revenue are returned. The softswitch attempts to route the call using this rates, starting from the most to the least profitable until the call is effectively routed.

When the call finishes, a CDR is created and the rate's statistics are updated with the cdr_finalize procedure.

CallFlow.png X164scheme.png

Web Access

x164 provides its members a web access to configure their settings, upload their rate tables and view call statistics. The interface and rating-engine is derived from CDRTool, which we modified heavily for speed and simplification.

Call search menu

The call search offers access to Call Detail Records (CDRs). CDRs can be summarized and filtered for various statistics.

Data source Database where are the call details
Start time Beginning of the range of time in search
Stop time End of the range of time in search
Sip call / Sip source Filter by user ID, received from the customer or proxy
User agents / Media code Filter by the format of the call
Sip Billing Party (username) Search the calls of a subscriber
Sip Caller Party (From URI) Filter using the ID received from the caller
Sip destination (Canonical URI) Filter by destination of the call
Duration / Application / status Filter selecting different call duration, media or the status of the call
Order by / Group by Complements the search ordering results, change the limit of records to show, grouping these and if ReNormalize is marked the system recalculates the call prices

Rating menu

Access to all data influencing the rating and routing. The rating data is contained in several tables which can be selected on the top-right side. The cost calculation of the calls stored in the system occurs in parallel and periodically using the values that the user introduces ​​in this tables.

Customers table

The Customers table shows details of your authorized users who may send calls through the x164 system. Customers can be authorized by Trusted Peer when they use fixed IP or Subscriber and Password for dynamic IP users.

Customers are linked to incoming profiles via the Profile field. In turn, this profiles link to a set of incoming rates that determine the destinations that the customer is allowed to call.

When a customer number is within a DID block, the Subscriber field links to an entry in the DIDclients table that defines the user's number. This field is also used to set up quota limits for customers in the Quota Usage table.

Id Automatically generated id field
Reseller ID string of reseller
Trusted Peer Authorized IP address, in case the user is authorized by IP (Dynamic_IP = 0)
Domain Not used
Dynamic_ip Use dynamic IP when value set to 1
Subscriber Subscriber name in the format "user@domain" used as billing party in the rate process
Password Password for authorized users
Profile Profile name which links the customer to a profile in the Profiles table
Subscriber_out In case the subscriber also provides outgoing routes, put outgoing subscriber name here to avoid looping calls
Blocked Blocks the subscriber when is set to 1
Pre_location Parameters that are added before the called number in the outgoing message (sip/sip:) (possible values: sip/00 to identify a SIP carrier with prefix of 00 in front of the e164 number)
Post_location URL and parameters added to the called number in the outgoing message, e.g. @carrier.com
The outgoing route is defined as: pre-location + e164 number + post-location, e.g. sip/sip:4930123456789@carrier.com
Expires Expiration time of the dynamic IP
Formats Possible codec formats separated by comma (possible values: g729, ulaw, alaw, t38)
rtpProxy 1 activates RTP proxying for this route

Carriers table

The Carriers table has the details of your carriers to send calls to them. A carrier has an unique 'CARRIER' profile, which is attached to its available outgoing rates. Carrier_name can be used to set a quota limit in the Quota usage table.

Id Automatically generated id field
Reseller ID string of reseller
Domain Not used
Carrier_name Carrier name in the format "user@domain" used as billing party in the rate process
Profile Profile name which links the customer to a profile in the profile table
Blocked Block the subscriber when value set to 1
Pre_location Parameters that are added before the called number in the outgoing message (sip/sip:)(possible values: SIP/00 to identify a SIP carrier with prefix of 00 in front of the e164 number)
Post_location URL and parameters added to the called number in the outgoing message, e.g. @carrier.com
The outgoing route is defined as: pre-location + e164 number + post-location, e.g. sip/sip:4930123456789@carrier.com
Line Section identifier from accfile.conf, this can be used instead of pre-location, post-location
Formats Possible codec formats separated by comma (possible values: g729, ulaw, alaw, t38)
rtpProxy 1 activates rtp proxying for this route

Profiles table

The Profiles table links customers, carriers and DID blocks to their respective rates. It also sets rate plan details such as valid week hours, minimum charged price, and currency in which the rates are expressed.

There are three type of profiles: 'IN', 'CARRIER' and 'DIDRANGE'. 'IN' profiles link customers with incoming rates. The field Tech_prefix is used in 'IN' profiles to enable prefix dialing, as explained here.

'CARRIER' profiles link carriers with outgoing routes. A carrier may have several rate plans and different time frames and penalties can be set for each of them.

'DIDRANGE' is used to define blocks of own numbers. The range is defined in the Rates table, and customers with numbers within this range are set in the DIDclients table.

Id Automatically generated id field
Reseller ID string of reseller
Profile Profile name which links the customer or carrier to the profile table
Rate Rate name which identifies the rates used for this profile in the Rates table
Starthourweek Start hour in the week of this tariff (possible value range 0 - 167) 0 hour is Sunday 0:00 hour in local time
Endhourweek End hour in the week of this tariff (possible value range 0 - 167) 0 hour is Sunday 0:00 hour in local time
Penalty Constant price added to this rate. Used to penalize a tariff.
Timezone Timezone must reflect the local time of the tariff in the rating profile table. The setting is used to correct the CDR timestamps coming from the softswitch which should be in GMT time. Use timezone identifier.
Incr Used to consider the duration of the call in increments (default 1 second)
Min_Dur Minimum duration time charged of the call, only activated when the call is successful
Curr_code Currency used in iso format (EUR, USD ...), if you want use your own values the format should be iso and adding reseller number
Carrier Possible profile types:

IN : for incoming routes
CARRIER: for outgoing carrier routes
DIDRANGE: defines a block of own numbers, numbers within such blocks are only routed to clients with DIDs

Tech_Prefix Technical prefix used to identify incoming rate table. Different tech prefixes allow to link several rate tables to one incoming customer, e.g. to let the client chose dynamically grey, standard, premium rate tables. Prefixes must have two digits and when dialing they are used as follows: (prefix)#(called number)

Rates table

The Rates table contains the rate information used by x164 to pick routes and calculate tariffs. Statistics for call duration and success rate are stored here and updated in real time every time a rate is used.

All prices must be defined as the original price multiplied by ten thousand. For example, for a rate of 0.1234 Euros, the input price in the x164 system should be 1234.

Id Automatically generated id field
Reseller ID string of reseller
Rate ID of the rate
Destination Destination number to this rate
Region Region of this number
Description Description of the destination to the number
App Application Type: audio, sms
Conn Price of the call connection
Price Price per minute
Conn In Cost of the call setup, to calculate the profit of the call
Price In Cost per minute, to calculate the profit of the call
Start Date The start time of the rate
End Date The end time of the rate
Blocked Lock indicator of the rate
Billtime_sum Sum of billed time of this rate
Ringtime_sum Sum of ring time of this rate
Setuptime_sum Sum of setup time (until ringing) of this rate
Calls_count Number of calls of this rate
Success_count Number of connected calls
Acd_short Short-term average call duration, updated after each call with acd_short = ((5 * acd_short) + _billtime)/6,
Acd_avr Long-term average call duration, updated after each call with acd_avr = (acd_short + (billtime_sum / success_count)) / 2

Gateways table

The gateways table serves to identify the IP addresses of the switches used by the reseller.

Id Automatically generated id field
Reseller ID string of reseller
Gateway IP address of the switch
Secret Switch's password

DIDclients table

DIDclients is used to associate a DID number with a subscriber. When a call is being routed and the retrieved rate is attached to a 'DIDRANGE' profile, the system refers to this table to identify the subscriber who owns the number. See how to set up a DID subscriber here.

Id Automatically generated id field
Reseller ID string of reseller
DID_number Number of the client
DID_subscriber Subscriber who owns this number. This links to the Subscriber field of the Customers table

Currencies table

The currencies table shows the currencies used by x164 system. Profiles are linked to records in this table by the Curr_code field. In the routing process, all the rates retrieved for a destination must be exchanged to the same currency to decide which one is the most profitable.

Id Automatically generated id field
Reseller ID string of reseller
Domain Not used
Currency Currency id in the system, use ISO format adding reseller number to be unique in the system. This field is linked to the Curr_code field in the Profiles table.
Curr_rate Value of the currency, against the euro

Quota table

The quota table is used to set monthly credit limits for subscribers. It keeps track of the monthly bill sum and blocks the subscriber when it reaches the amount specified in Quota. Here you can find more information.

Id automatically generated id field
Reseller ID string of reseller
Subscriber Subscriber name in the format "user@domain". This field is linked to the Subscriber field of the Customers table or to the Carrier_name field in the Carriers table
Domain Subscriber domain
Quota Quota limit per month
Notified Date on which the system detected the exceeded limit
This Month Monthly cumulative consumption
Today Daily cumulative consumption

Generation of client rate tables

x164 allows to generate rate tables for customers from outgoing carrier rate tables. x164 consolidates the carrier rates into one rate table following a strict longest-code-match logic. The rate table can be further simplified by filtering for quality or consolidating prices within tolerances to one code/price.

The operation takes the following parameters as inputs:

Average Call Duration Minimum Average Call duration in seconds. Rates below this limit will be filtered out, unless there is no alternative that satisfies the limit for a given destination.
Answer/Seizure Ratio Minimum Answer/Seizure Ratio (answered calls / total calls). Rates below this limit will be filtered out, unless there is no alternative that satisfies the limit for a given destination.
Tolerance Margin to consider prices as equal (%).
Maximum Code Length Maximum length of the destination field to be kept in the final table.
Minimum Rate All rates where the price is lesser than minRate will be updated to minRate
Profit Profit margin to add to the price in %
secret_key Used for reseller authorization
Date Date for which the rates will be retrieved.

In the first step all outgoing rates are retrieved, filtering by date and reseller id. The reseller id is found in the Gateways table using the secret_key parameter. The relationship with the Rates table is defined as folows:

SecretKey.png

Then the algorithm looks for the cheapest price for each destination, filtering out the rates that don't satisfy the ACD and ASR minimums. If there is no rate that satisfies this limit for a given destination, the rate with the best quality is chosen.

At the end of this process there will be one record for each destination dialing code. Before starting with the simplification stage, all records with price lesser than rateMin are set to rateMin.

In the next steps, rates will be simplified using the tolerance parameter. First, redundant codes will be removed if shorter codes exist within their price tolerance. As an example, consider the following records:

Destination	Price
371660		25
3716		28

With a tolerance of 15%, the record for 371660 would have a price range [22.5 - 28.5]. Since the shorter code 3716 is within this range, 371660 is considered redundant and deleted from the final table.

In the second part of the simplification process, the algorithm groups sets of ten consecutive codes, like the following:

Destination	Price
3710		50
3711		50
3712		45
3713		51
3714		47
3715		48
3716		49
3717		50
3718		47
3719		46

First the system makes sure the shorter code (371) does not already exist in the database. If it doesn't, it checks that all the prices are within the tolerance range. In the previous table case, for a tolerance of 15%, the cheapest price upper limit would be 45*(1+15/100) = 51.75, which is superior to the highest price in the set. Thus, this set is removed from the final table and a new record is created, using the information of the most expensive code, and updating the destination field to the one that comprehends the whole set:

Destination	Price
371		51

Once the simplification process is over, codes longer than max_code_length are deleted. Finally, all the prices are increased according to the profit percentage specified in the input.

CSV import and export

The x164 system supports CSV import and export to ease the task of updating the rating tables. CSV files are plain text files which store spreadsheet or database information. In the x164 system semicolons (;) are used to separate fields, and line breaks separate records. Rating related information will frequently be available in some spreadsheet format, so in order to upload it to the x164 database you will need to export to CSV first.

Import a CSV file to the database

Download file examples for CSV import (rigth click - save file as)

We will use OpenOffice Calc for this example, although the process is similar in other spreadsheet softwares like Excel. First step is to reorder your data to fit the x164 format. The necessary fields for each table are the following:


Customers:

file name format: customers_xxxxxxx.csv

Example file name: customers_example.csv

ops Operation code: 1 Insert, 2 Update, 3 Delete
Reseller ID string of reseller
Trusted Peer Authorized IP address, in case the user is authorized by IP (Dynamic_IP = 0)
Domain Not used
Subscriber Subscriber name in the format "user@domain" used as billing party in the rate process
Password Password for authorized users
Profile Profile name which links the customer to a profile in the Profiles table
Formats Possible codec formats separated by comma (possible values: g729, ulaw, alaw, t38)
RTPproxy 1 activates RTP proxying for this route (only available for users with (only available for users with permission)

Carriers:

file name format: carriers_xxxxxxx.csv

Example file name: carriers_example.csv

ops Operation code: 1 Insert, 2 Update, 3 Delete
Reseller ID string of reseller
Domain Not used
Carrier_name Carrier name in the format "user@domain" used as billing party in the rate process
Profile Profile name which links the customer to a profile in the profile table
Formats Possible codec formats separated by comma (possible values: g729, ulaw, alaw, t38)
RTPproxy 1 activates RTP proxying for this route (only available for users with (only available for users with permission)

Profiles:

file name format: profiles_xxxxxxx.csv

Example file name: profiles_example.csv

ops Operation code: 1 Insert, 2 Update, 3 Delete
Reseller ID string of reseller
Profile Profile name which links the customer or carrier to the profile table
Rate Rate name which identifies the rates used for this profile in the Rates table
Starthourweek Start hour in the week of this tariff (possible value range 0 - 167) 0 hour is Sunday 0:00 hour in local time
Endhourweek End hour in the week of this tariff (possible value range 0 - 167) 0 hour is Sunday 0:00 hour in local time
Penalty Constant price added to this rate. Used to penalize a tariff.
Timezone Timezone must reflect the local time of the tariff in the rating profile table. The setting is used to correct the CDR timestamps coming from the softswitch which should be in GMT time. Use timezone identifier.
Curr_code Currency used in iso format (EUR, USD ...), if you want use your own values the format should be iso and adding reseller number
Carrier Possible profile types:

IN : for incoming routes
CARRIER: for outgoing carrier routes
DIDRANGE: defines a block of own numbers, numbers within such blocks are only routed to clients with DIDs

Tech_Prefix Technical prefix used to identify incoming rate table. Different tech prefixes allow to link several rate tables to one incoming customer, e.g. to let the client chose dynamically grey, standard, premium rate tables. Prefixes must have two digits and when dialing they are used as follows: (prefix)#(called number)

Rates:

file name format: rates_xxxxxxx.csv

Example file name: rates_example.csv

ops Operation code: 1 Insert, 2 Update, 3 Delete
Reseller ID string of reseller
Rate ID of the rate
Destination Destination number to this rate
Region Region of this number
Description Description of the destination to the number
App Application Type: audio, sms
Conn Price of the call connection
Price Price per minute
Conn In Cost of the call setup, to calculate the profit of the call
Price In Cost per minute, to calculate the profit of the call
Start Date The start time of the rate
End Date The end time of the rate

DIDclients:

file name format: didclients_xxxxxxx.csv

Example file name: didclients_example.csv

ops Operation code: 1 Insert, 2 Update, 3 Delete
Reseller ID string of reseller
DID_number Number of the client
DID_subscriber Subscriber who owns this number. This links to the Subscriber field of the Customers table


Take as an example the following rates table:

Rate table.png

In order to import you have to adapt the data to the x164 format. Note that in the x164 system the date format is YYYY-MM-DD, and that the prices are stored as ten thousand times their value in the base currency without decimals.

Also avoid including semicolons or line breaks in your data, as these are used as field and record delimiters respectively.

Finally remember to fill the 'ops' field with the corresponding code: 1 for insertion, 2 for updating and 3 for deletion. In this case we are going to insert all the records.

Rate table x164.png

To export the spreadsheet to a CSV file in OpenOffice, simply go to File -> Save As and select "Text CSV (.csv)". The file name must start with the name of the destination table, in this case 'rates'. A valid file name would be 'rates_1.csv'.

In the next menu you will be asked to select a field delimiter and a text delimiter. Choose the semicolon (;) as your field delimiter and leave the text delimiter empty. Save the file.

To import the file, select the 'Rating' tab in the x164 web access and click on 'Choose a file'. Select your file and click 'Import'. When the file is correctly uploaded a confirming message will be prompted. The imported data will be available after a few minutes. You can check the number of imported rows in the 'Logs' tab.

Export x164 table to a CSV file

You can also export data from the database in CSV format by clicking on the 'Export table.csv' button on the right side of a table. A new browser window will be opened showing the CSV text.

Softswitch

The x164 switch is based on yate, In its basic configuration the switch can handle SIP and H323 calls. IAX, ISDN, SS7 calls are theoretically possible. Users can activate further yate modules to extend the possibilities. x164 members are encouraged to post their suggestions and ideas on the forum. The yate configuration is located in /usr/local/etc/yate.

Server settings

Time zone

The server running yate should have its timezone set to GMT time if the timezone setting is used in the rating customers table. The timezone setting in the rating customer table must reflect the local time of the tariff in the Profiles table. The timezone setting is used to correct the CDR timestamps coming from the softswitch. The Starthourweek and Endhourweek time ranges in the rating profiles table are always in local time.

CDR module - cdrbuild.conf

This module builds the CDR messages (Call Details Record) which are used later in the radius module. Here are set the necessary attributes to create the correct CDR messages.

h323 Channel module - h323chan.conf

This module gives support to h323 protocol by using the open h323 library.

Mysql database module - mysqldb.conf

This module is used to make the connection between yate and a MySQL database. Establishing the necessary parameters as host, port, database and password.

Radius module - yradius.conf

This module give support to establish communication between Yate and FreeRADIUS, as well the ip address and port of the FreeRADIUS server. Are set the specific attributes to sent in the CDR message and are assigned the correct values.

Regexroute module - regexroute.conf

This module is used in addition to the register module, to assign values ​​of different parameters in the call as the error messages or the formats to use in transcoding calls, used to route calls without using database.

Register module - register.conf

The register module defines the messsage handlers which are communicating with the x164 database. Message handlers "catch" internal yate messages, issue queries to the database and return the result back to yate. x164 is configured to use mysql stored-procedures as message handlers.

Authuser

User_Auth is used to identify the subscriber.

PROCEDURE `proc_user_auth`( 
IN username VARCHAR(100),   // username received in SIP INVITE
IN domain VARCHAR(100),     // domain name from caller
IN address VARCHAR(25)      // IP address and port of the received call
IN password VARCHAR(25)     // secret key for MySQL procedures in Yate
)

Output:

- authname: subscriber in the Customers table.
- password (only in case of dynamic IP) : password for this subscriber.

Register

This query handle register messages, add in database data of register users and the last time that the user was registered.

PROCEDURE `proc_user_register`( 
IN ip_host VARCHAR(30),		// IP address received in SIP INVITE
IN ip_port INT,			// IP port received in SIP INVITE
IN expires INT,			// register expiration time
IN authname VARCHAR(125)	// authorized subscriber name corresponding in data base
IN password VARCHAR(25)		// secret key for MySQL procedures in Yate
)

Output: no output.

Unregister

This query handle unregister messages initializing the data entered by register message.

PROCEDURE `proc_user_unregister`(
IN authname VARCHAR(125)        // authorized subscriber name corresponding in data base
IN password VARCHAR(25)        // secret key for MySQL procedures in Yate
)

Output: no output.

Engine timer

The engine timer found that users have exceeded the time of registration and invalidate the dynamic_ip.

PROCEDURE `proc_enginer_timer`(
IN password VARCHAR(25)       // secret key for MySQL procedures in Yate
)

Output: no output.

Preroute

Preroute checks whether an incoming route for the combination of IP address and called number or authname and called number exists. The caller is either identified by IP address or was identified by authname/password combination in authname procedure. If no incoming route exists the call is blocked.

PROCEDURE `proc_get_preroute`( 
IN authname VARCHAR(125),     // authorized subscriber name corresponding in data base
IN address VARCHAR(25),       // IP address and port received in SIP INVITE
IN called VARCHAR(100)        // the called number, optionally with prefix
IN password VARCHAR(25)       // secret key for MySQL procedures in Yate
)

Output:

- username: caller's Subscriber in the Customers table.

- usernameSell: same as username.

- usernameNoBuy:  caller's Subscriber_out in the customers table.

- rtpproxy_in: flag indicating if the incoming leg supports RTP proxy.

- realRateSell: price per minute of the found incoming rate in the base currency.

- realConnecSell: connect cost of the found incoming rate in the base currency.

- rateIdSell: Id of the found incoming route.

- token: hash generated with the increase of the call counter. This token must be input to the proc_cdr_finalize procedure in order to decrease the counter when the call finishes.

Route

This selects the possible outgoing routes according to the incoming parameters, looking for the best quality and profit. Unprofitable routes are blocked.

PROCEDURE `proc_get_route`( 
IN usernameNobuy VARCHAR(125), // Subscriber_out found in incoming route to prevent call loops
IN rtproxy_in TINYINT(4),      // 0/1 flag to specify whether the rtp stream of the incoming call leg is proxied.
IN realRateSell FLOAT,         // (client) call rate found in preroute expressed in the base currency (EUR) 
IN called VARCHAR(100),        // Called number (optionally with prefix). The prefix is not used.
IN _format_in VARCHAR(255),    // Codecs received in incoming call leg
IN password VARCHAR(25)        // secret key for MySQL procedures in Yate
)

Output for DID destinations:

- location: Pre_location + called number + Post_location. Pre_location and Post_location are taken from the subscriber in the Customers table that the called number is linked to.

- rtp_forward: enable rtp_forward if neither the caller or the called subscribers support RTP proxying.

- username: Suscriber field in the Customers table with prefix "did_".

- formats: formats sent in the invite message. These will be taken from the called subscriber unless it is empty and neither of the legs support RTP proxying.


Output for other destinations:

- location: Pre_location + called number + Post_location. Pre_location and Post_location are taken from the carrier in the Carries table that the route is linked to.

- rtp_forward: enable rtp_forward if neither the caller or the called subscribers support RTP proxying.

- username: Suscriber field in the Customers table with prefix "did_".  formats: formats sent in the invite message. These will be taken from the called subscriber unless it is empty and neither of the legs support RTP proxying.

- rateIdBuy: Id of the found rate.

- expProfit: expected profit, calculated using the incoming and outgoing rates and connect costs and the Average Call Duration of the outgoing route.

Route V3

Selects the possible outgoing routes according to the incoming parameters. It also allows to select the routing method, set quality limits, and enable loss making calls.

PROCEDURE `proc_get_route_v3`( 
IN usernameNobuy VARCHAR(125),		// Subscriber_out found in incoming route to prevent call loops
IN rtproxy_in TINYINT(4),		// 0/1 flag to specify whether the rtp stream of the incoming call leg is proxied.
IN realRateSell DECIMAL(18,8),			// (client) call rate found in preroute expressed in the base currency (EUR) 
IN realconnectSell DECIMAL(18,8),       // (client) connect cost found in preroute expressed in the base currency (EUR) 
IN called VARCHAR(100),			// Called number (optionally with prefix). The prefix is not used.
IN _format_in VARCHAR(255),		// Codecs received in incoming call leg
IN password VARCHAR(25),		// secret key for MySQL procedures in Yate
IN routing VARCHAR(100),		// Routing method: 'least_cost', 'quality'. Default is profit based routing.
IN qACD INT,				// Minimum Average Call Duration. Routes below this limit are blocked.
IN qASR INT,				// Minimum Success Rate (successful calls/total calls). Routes below this limit are blocked. 
IN blocklosscalls TINYINT(4))		// 0/1 flag, blocks unprofitable calls when 1
)

Output for DID destinations:

- location: Pre_location + called number + Post_location. Pre_location and Post_location are taken from the subscriber in the Customers table that the called number is linked to.

- rtp_forward: enable rtp_forward if neither the caller or the called subscribers support RTP proxying.

- username: Suscriber field in the Customers table with prefix "did_".

- formats: formats sent in the invite message. These will be taken from the called subscriber unless it is empty and neither of the legs support RTP proxying.


Output for other destinations:

- location: Pre_location + called number + Post_location. Pre_location and Post_location are taken from the carrier in the Carries table that the route is linked to.

- rtp_forward: enable rtp_forward if neither the caller or the called subscribers support RTP proxying.

- username: Suscriber field in the Customers table with prefix "did_".  formats: formats sent in the invite message. These will be taken from the called subscriber unless it is empty and neither of the legs support RTP proxying.

- rateIdBuy: Id of the found rate.

- expProfit: expected profit, calculated using the incoming and outgoing rates and connect costs and the Average Call Duration of the outgoing route.

cdr_finalize

This procedure computes the values ​​of the call once finished to update the statistics in the system.

PROCEDURE `proc_cdr_finalize`( 
IN duration FLOAT,         // the overall call duration
IN billtime FLOAT,         // the time the call was connected
IN ringtime FLOAT,         // duration of call ringing
IN direction VARCHAR(10),  // incoming or outgoing
IN status VARCHAR(10),     // if the call was connected or not
IN rateidBuy BIGINT(20),   // id of the rate for the outgoing call leg
IN rateidSell BIGINT(20),  // id of the rate for the incoming call leg
IN password VARCHAR(25),   // secret key for MySQL procedures in Yate
IN token VARCHAR(32)       // decreases the call counter using the token given in proc_get_preroute
)

Output: no output.

RTP Channel module - yrtpchan.conf

This module provides RTP and udptl transports for any technology that requieres it as SIP or H.323. The RTCP support is disabled.

SIP Channel module - ysipchan.conf

This module give support to SIP protocol using the YASS library. Here also is posible select the value "expires" used in register.conf and the codecs enable to use.

Yate - yate.conf

In this configuration file is selected the modules that are in use, and the parameter "timeout" limits the call duration as 2h.

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